Dardanelles

/dadəˈnɛlz/ (say dahduh'nelz)

plural noun
the strait between European and Asiatic Turkey, connecting the Aegean with the Sea of Marmara; campaign by the Allies in World War I to take control of this from Turkey was costly and unsuccessful. 64 km long; 2.4 km wide. See Gallipoli.
Formerly, Hellespont.
In September 1914 Turkey closed the Dardanelles strait to British warships, thus denying the Allies maritime access to their eastern ally, Russia. In October Turkey entered the war on the German side. In response, the Allies launched the Dardanelles Campaign, devised by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill. This involved using a fleet of old battleships to force open the strait, then proceed on to, and take, the Turkish capital Constantinople (which, it was hoped, would drive Turkey out of the war) and, finally, to secure a naval supply route from Aegean and Mediterranean seas, via the Sea of Marmara, to the Black Sea and Russia. The Allied campaign began in February 1915 with an Anglo-French naval bombardment of Turkish gun emplacements at the entrance to the strait. But enemy minefields severely damaged the Allied fleet, so land forces were called in, landing on 25 April at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles. See Gallipoli.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dardanelles — Détroit des Dardanelles Les Dardanelles forment une région du nord ouest de la Turquie, située de part et d autre du détroit des Dardanelles (anciennement nommé Hellespont). Par extension, le mot désigne parfois le détroit lui même. Le nom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dardanelles (EP) — Dardanelles EP by Dardanelles Released November 4, 2006 (2006 11 04) Recorded 2006 …   Wikipedia

  • Dardanelles — n. 1. the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European from Asian Turkey. Syn: Hellespont. [WordNet 1.5] 2. the unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French to open a passage for aid to Russia; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dardanelles — (détroit des) (antiq. Hellespont, en turc çanakkale Bogazi) détroit entre la Turquie d Europe et la Turquie d Asie, reliant la mer égée à la mer de Marmara; long de 68 km; large de 1,3 à 7 km. En 1915, une expédition franco brit. y rencontra une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dardanelles — [där΄də nelz′] strait joining the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea, between European & Asiatic Turkey: c. 40 mi (64 km) long; 1 4 mi (1.6 6.4 km) wide …   English World dictionary

  • Dardanelles — Coordinates: 40°12′N 26°24′E / 40.2°N 26.4°E / 40.2; 26.4 …   Wikipedia

  • Dardanelles — /dahr dn elz /, n. (used with a pl. v.) the strait between European and Asian Turkey, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara. 40 mi. (64 km) long; 1 5 mi. (1.6 8 km) wide. Ancient, Hellespont. * * * ancient Hellespont Narrow strait… …   Universalium

  • Dardanelles —    A waterway connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating Europe from the Asian mainland. In the eighteenth century, Russia emerged as the major antagonist of the Ottoman Empire, in part because of the desire to dominate the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Dardanelles — Dar|da|nelles the Dardanelles the long narrow area of sea which connects the European and Asian parts of Turkey. It was called the Hellespont in ancient times …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Dardanelles — noun 1. the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey • Syn: ↑Canakkale Bogazi, ↑Hellespont • Instance Hypernyms: ↑strait, ↑sound • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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